Top 14 Eight-Thousanders in the World
Top 14 Eight-Thousanders in the World

Tallest Mountains Above 8000m in the World

Mountaineering is an adventurous sport, with many global high points to conquer. These mountains are not climbed for the view only; they're tackled because they're there.

Deepak Raj Bhatta
Author | Deepak Raj Bhatta Date Published:
14 highest mountains

Mountains are the earth’s most beautiful and towering monuments. They stand firm and hold a wide range of natural resources around the globe. They are considered adventurous and make the place for a spiritual quest or an adventure-filled voyage. Mountains are where the most astonishing adventure records were made and they make the place where adventure awaits. There are stunning trekking trails, mountain vantage points and numerous other attractions for explorers. Some of the world’s rare fauna including snow leopards are found in these highlands. And earth’s highest points are also these mountains. 

There are numerous peaks with a significant height. But only 14 peaks are the tallest mountains above 8000m in the world. Some of these mountains lie in the Himalayas and some lie in other mountain ranges around the world. The mountaineers plan to summit all these 14 mountains above 8000m to quench their thirst for braving the records and win within. 

Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on Earth at 8,848.86. meters. But how does it compare to taller mountains around the world? Read on to find out more about the highest peaks above 8,000m.

But first, what actually is a mountain range?

Mountain ranges are usually defined by the tallest peaks of the region and are usually found in a particular geographic area. They can be as small as just two or three peaks or stretch for hundreds of miles. For example, the Rocky Mountains take up most of western North America. The Alps cover most of Europe. And the Himalayas hold the most towering peak on the planet. 

Mountain ranges refer to the highest points on Earth's surface. These peaks are so high that they rise above the surrounding terrain, forming a natural barrier between the lowlands and nearby plains. The Himalayas are the world's one of the highest mountain ranges, stretching for about 2400 kilometres. 

Table Of Content

    Tallest Mountains above 8000m in the World

    The World’s highest mountains are found in several mountain ranges including the Himalayan and Karakoram ranges. The eight-thousanders have been an excellent source of adventure for the mountaineers and made some of the world’s astonishing records in the geography and adventure arena. Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on earth with an elevation of 8,848.86 meters above sea level. While the elevation trophy of the second and third highest mountains above 8000m belong to K2 (8,611m) and Kangchenjunga (8,586m), Shisha Pangma (8,027m) is the lowest eight-thousander. 

    Hiamlaya Range

    List of Eight Thousanders in the world

    Rank

    Mountain

    Location

    Height

    Meters

    Feet

    1st

    Everest

    Nepal/Tibet

    8,848.86 m

    29,031.7 ft

    2nd

    K2 (Godwin Austen)

    Pakistan/China

    8,611 m

    28,251 ft

    3rd

    Kangchenjunga

    Nepal/India

    8,586 m

    28,169 ft

    4th

    Lhotse

    Nepal/Tibet

    8,516 m

    27,940 ft

    5th

    Makalu

    Nepal/Tibet

    8,481 m 

    27,825 ft

    6th

    Cho Oyu

    Nepal/Tibet

    8,188 m

    26,864 ft

    7th

    Dhaulagiri

    Nepal

    8,167 m

    26,795 ft

    8th

    Manaslu

    Nepal

    8,163 m

    26,781 ft

    9th

    Nanga Parbat

    Pakistan

    8,126 m

    26,660 ft

    10th

    Annapurna I

    Nepal

    8,091 m

    26,545 ft

    11th 

    Gasherbrum I

    Pakistan/China

    8,080 m

    26,510 ft

    12th

    Broad Peak

    Pakistan/China

    8,051 m

    26,414 ft

    13th

    Gasherbrum II

    Pakistan/China

    8,035 m

    26,362 ft

    14th

    Shisha Pangma

    Tibet

    8,027 m

    26,335 ft 

    Mount Everest

    Mount Everest stands as the tallest mountain on Earth. It is located in the Mahalangur mountain range on the border between Nepal and China's Tibet Autonomous Region. The tallest peak is 8,848.86 meters (29,031 feet) above mean sea level. The updated height of Mount Everest was announced jointly after examining it by both Nepal and China in 2020. To get to the top of Mount Everest takes Sherpa teams many days' work and up to three months on route conditions that can be extremely hazardous in places with snow or avalanches. There is a name for the display of hazards in Everest known as Rainbow Valley which is created because of the fatalities over the years in the Everest expeditions. The summit is the ultimate goal for most climbers, although attempts have been made to get to the top of Mount Everest without using supplemental oxygen. 

    Everest

    The first successful ascent of Mount Everest was by Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay from Nepal on the 29th of May 1953 by way of the Southeast Ridge Route. They were part of a British expedition led by John Hunt. Thousands of people from all over the world have attempted to climb Mount Everest since that first ascent.

    In the Nepali language, the mountain is called ‘Sagarmatha’. The Tibetan name for Mount Everest is ‘Qomolangma’ which means “Goddess Mother of the World”. It is known by a few other names such as ‘Peak 15’, ‘Deudhunga’, and ‘Chomolungma’. 

    To witness the grandeur of Mount Everest is a dream of many people around the world. Even a glimpse of Everest from a far vantage point is an incredible experience. Some people take Everest Mountain Flight from Kathmandu, while some trek to the Everest Base Camp and some extend it to EBC and Gokyo Valley Trek. Some of the major attractions of the Everest region are Namche Bazaar, Lukla, Tengboche, Kala Patthar and Everest Base Camp

    Also Read: Interesting Facts about Mount Everest

    Mount Everest Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Everest

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Sub Range

    Mahalangur Himalayan Range

    Native Name

    Sagarmatha, Chomolungma, 

    Elevation

    8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft)

    Prominence

    8,848.86 m

    Mountain Rank

    First

    Location

    South Side: Solukhumbu District, Province No. 1, Nepal

    North Side: Tingri County, Xigazê, Tibet Autonomous Region, China

    Easiest Route

    Southeast ridge (Nepal)

    First Ascent

    29 May 1953

    First Ascenders

    Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    K2 (Godwin Austen)

    K2, also known as Godwin Austen, and in Chinese Qogir Feng, is the second highest mountain in the world. It is located on the border of Pakistan and China in the Karakoram mountain range. The mountain was first climbed by Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni, on the 1954 expedition led by Ardito Desio. Mount K2 is considered one of the technical mountains to climb due to its glacial and difficult terrains alongside extremely unpredictable weather conditions. 

    Mount K2 is one of the most adventurous eight-thousanders with an estimated climb of up to two months and is known for the most dangerous ascents in history. K2 lies in Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan, near Jammu and Kashmir. 

    k2 mountain

    Mount K2 is known as a difficult trekking expedition, and there are few records of successful climbs to the peak. It has claimed more lives than any other climb on Earth. Its treacherous peaks have earned it nicknames such as "Savage Mountain" or "Killer Mountain." There are two main reasons for this danger: weather and altitude. Mount K2's high altitude and freezing weather (with temperatures often reaching ) lead to difficult ascents and dangerous avalanches.

    The mountain is a part of the Karakoram-Hindu-Kush region, a subrange of the Greater Himalayan range. It rises above the Baltoro Glacier and is one of several mountains that dominates the routes between Pakistan, China and India in the Karakoram range.

    Mount K2 Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. K2

    Parent Range

    Karakoram 

    Native Name

    Chogori, Qogir Feng, Dapsang, Mount Godwin Austen

    Elevation

    8,611 m (28,251 ft)

    Prominence

    4,020 m 

    Mountain Rank

    Second

    Location

    Pakistan-administered Kashmir and China-administered Kashmir

    Easiest Route

    Abruzzi Spur

    First Ascent

    31 July 1954

    First Ascenders

    Achille Compagnoni & Lino Lacedelli

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Mount Kangchenjunga

    Mount Kangchenjunga is the third-highest mountain in the world and the second-highest in Nepal. Located on the border between India and Nepal, it is one of only fourteen mountains over 8,000 meters high, with a height of 8,586 meters. Kangchenjunga means “The Five Treasures of Snows” in Tibetan. Kangchenjunga is on the border between Nepal and Sikkim, India.

    This mountain is an isolated mountain with steep cliffs, whose ascent has been described as one of the most dangerous mountaineering challenges in the world. It is usually summited via the southwest ridge, which requires a huge amount of technical skill as well as enormous physical fitness and experience.

    Kangchenjunga

    Kangchenjunga is not just the third-highest mountain in the world but also the most dangerous one to climb. It is considered as one of the deadliest mountains to attempt climbing due to its extremely demanding logistics and unpredictable mountain nature. The mountain was first climbed in 1955 by a British team led by Charles Evans. The first summitters of this mountain were Joe Brown and George Band. 

    In the initial days of mountain exploration, Kangchenjunga was considered the highest peak in the world. It was before the discovery of Peak XV. Later, the survey team recognised this mountain as the third highest peak as K2 is then the second highest. 

    The Kangchenjunga mountain is sacred to the people of Sikkim. They worship mountains, so the expedition teams are not allowed to climb the summit. However, they can approach the summit and it is believed that the summit shouldn’t be stepped on. 

    Mount Kangchenjunga Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Kangchenjunga

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Native Name

    Khangchendzonga, Kanchenjunga, Kumbhkaran Lungur

    Elevation

    8,586 m (28,169 ft)

    Prominence

    3,922 m

    Mountain Rank

    Third

    Location

    Taplejung District, Nepal and Sikkim, India

    Easiest Route

    glacier/snow/ice climb

    First Ascent

    25 May 1955

    First Ascenders

    Joe Brown and George Band

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Lhotse

    Fourth highest mountain - Lhotse is one of its kind and known for its massive horseshoe-shaped arc within the Khumbu Region of Nepal near Mount Everest. At 8,516 meters (27,940 ft) above sea level, it is considered one of the most technically challenging and dangerous mountains in the world to climb. The first climb at its summit was made by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernest Reiss in 1956. They were Swiss nationals. 

    Lhotse

    The three main peaks of Lhotse, Lhotse Main (8551m), Lhotse Shar (8,383m), and Lhotse middle/east, are all higher than 8000m (8,413m). The Lhotse Couloir, an icy ravine, marks the West Face of Lhotse. Because the climbing conditions of the crevasse are influenced by weather and seasonal snowfall, it is the key test for the Lhotse ascent. Since Lhotse is known as "South Peak" in Tibet, people sometimes confuse it with Mount Everest's south peak. Lhotse remains an incredible peak due to its proximity to Everest and many Everest climbers summit this mountain peak before pursuing their adventure to the glorious Sagarmatha. 

    Mount Lhotse Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Lhotse

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Sub Range

    Mahalangur Himalayan Range

    Native Name

    South Peak, E1

    Elevation

    8,516 m (27,940 ft)

    Prominence

    610 m

    Mountain Rank

    Fourth

    Location

    Tibet, China and Khumbu, Nepal

    Easiest Route

    glacier/snow/ice climb

    First Ascent

    May 18, 1956

    First Ascenders

    Fritz Luchsinger, Ernst Reiss

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Mount Makalu

    Mount Makalu is a mountain in the Himalaya that sits about nineteen kilometers southeast of Mount Everest. It was first climbed on May 15, 1955 by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy. Mount Makalu is a difficult climb because it consists mainly of steep snow couloirs and narrow rock ridges that require technical skills to navigate. There are two prominent sub-peaks to Makalu. Approximately three kilometers to the north-northwest of the main summit is Makalu II (7,678 m). Chomo Lonzo rises roughly five kilometers north-northeast of the main summit across a wide plateau and is connected to Kangchungtse by a small, 7,200-meter saddle (7,804 m). 

    It currently ranks as the world's fifth tallest mountain and is an excellent, if not quite popular, trekking destination. It has been popular as a mountaineering and trekking destination and many visitors travel to reach its base from around the world. 

    MakaluBarun

    Though the successful attempt of the main peak was achieved by French nationals in 1955, the early attempts to climb this mountain were made in 1954. An American group under the direction of William Siri made the initial attempt on Makalu in the spring of 1954. At 7,100 meters, a relentless assault of storms forced them to retreat after attempting the southeast ridge. A French reconnaissance mission first reached the secondary summit in the fall of 1954. Later the french team established a standard route through the saddle between Makalu and Kangchungtse. The north face and northeast ridge of the peak is considered one of the possible ways to brave the summit of Mount Makalungma. 

    Makalu Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Makalu

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Sub Range

    Mahalangur Himalayan Range

    Native Name

    Makalungma, Makaru

    Elevation

    8,481 m (27,825 ft)

    Prominence

    2,386 m

    Mountain Rank

    Fifth

    Location

    Tibet, China and Khumbu, Nepal

    Easiest Route

    snow/ice climb

    First Ascent

    May 15, 1955

    First Ascenders

    Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Mount Cho Oyu

    Cho Oyu, also called Turquoise goddess or Mighty Head, is an 8,188 m (26,864 ft) high mountain in the Himalayas located at the border between Tibet and Nepal. The peak has been attempted by many mountaineers including Hillary, Tom Bourdillon and George Lowe. The first attempt at this peak was made before braving Mount Everest by a British team led by Eric Shipton but they were forced to retreat due to technical difficulties from an elevation of 6,650 m. The first ascent was made by the Austrian expedition team in 1954 during which they established a new route via the northwest ridge up to the summit.

    Cho oyu

    Mount Cho Oyu is the sixth eighth thousander and one of the tallest mountains above 8000m in the world. Due to its comparatively easy terrain, Cho Oyu is considered the easiest eight thousander to climb. It also has the lowest death ratio in the mountaineering arena and it is also many mountaineers' favourite choice. 

    Cho Oyu Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Cho Oyu

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Sub Range

    Mahalangur Himalayan Range

    Native Name

    Translation: Turquoise goddess, Mighty Head

    Elevation

    8,188 m (26,864 ft)

    Prominence

    2,340 m

    Mountain Rank

    Sixth

    Location

    Tibet and Nepal

    Easiest Route

    snow/ice/glacier climb

    First Ascent

    October 19, 1954 

    First Ascenders

    Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler, Pasang Dawa Lama

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Mount Dhaulagiri

    The peak is known in Nepal by the name Dhaulagiri, which is derived from the Sanskrit words dhawala, which mean brilliant, white, and lovely, and giri, which means mountain. Mount Dhaulagiri towers at 8,167 meters (26,795 ft). This is not just the seventh highest mountain in the world—it’s also the most beautiful. The slopes of Mount Dhaulagiri are covered with snow year-round, and its glacial cover is a dazzling blue tone that contrasts with its lush green slopes. From afar, it presents an impressively perfect cone shape and provides an imposing picture of grandeur. 

    Dhaulagiri

    Mount Dhaulagiri is a popular trekking and mountaineering destination. Its lofty altitude and stunning surrounding nature make it a popular base camp for the expeditioners, an experience that can be encapsulated in just one word: awe. On May 13, 1960, a Swiss-Austrian-Nepali team made the mountain's first ascent of this incredible mountain. A team of Kurt Diemberger, A. Schelbert, E. Forrer, Nawang Dorje, Nyima Dorje made the ascent to the summit. 

    Dhaulagiri Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Dhaulagiri

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Sub Range

    Dhaulagiri Himal

    Native Name

    Dhawalagiri 

    Elevation

    8,167 meters (26,795 ft)

    Prominence

    3,357 m

    Mountain Rank

    Seventh

    Location

    Nepal

    Easiest Route

    Northeast ridge

    First Ascent

    13 May 1960 

    First Ascenders

    Kurt Diemberger, A. Schelbert, E. Forrer, Nawang Dorje, Nyima Dorje

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Mount Manaslu

    In the Himalayan mountain range, the world's eighth-highest mountain is found. It is situated at an elevation of 8,163 m (26,781 ft) and is known for the majestic panorama and snowclad beauty in the region. It is called Mount Manaslu, and it is a stunning sight to behold. The Sanskrit term Manasa, which means "intellect" or "soul," is the root of the name Manaslu, which translates to "mountain of the spirit" in English. Located in Nepal, the mountain has been cloaked in mystery for centuries. But now that its top has been scaled and its mysteries unraveled, Mount Manaslu is one of the world's most recognizable mountains and an incredible eight thousanders. 

    Manaslu

    The first ascent of Manaslu was made on May 9, 1956, by a Japanese expedition led by Aritsune Maki members Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu. However, before that there were four expeditions to check the possibility of climbing this mountain. The south face of the mountain is considered the hardest in climbing history, and there are currently more than six documented routes there. 

    The mountain is very unpredictable in nature. The climbing of this peak is considered a disregard to the gods and there have been many fatalities in the past including several avalanches and high death rates. The trekking activities in the Manaslu valley are popular and several Himalayan skis are also tested in this area. 

    Mount Manaslu Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Manaslu

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Sub Range

    Mansiri Himal

    Native Name

    Translation: Mountain of the spirit

    Elevation

    8,163 m (26,781 ft)

    Prominence

    3,092 m

    Mountain Rank

    Eighth

    Location

    Nepal

    Easiest Route

    snow/ice climb on NE face

    First Ascent

    May 9, 1956

    First Ascenders

    Toshio Imanishi and Gyaltsen Norbu 

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Nanga Parbat

    Nanga Parbat is the ninth-highest mountain in the world at 8,126 meters above sea level. Nanga Parbat means "naked mountain" in Urdu. In the territory of Gilgit-Baltistan in Kashmir ruled by Pakistan, Nanga Parvat is located southeast of the Indus River's northernmost bend. The Himalayas' westernmost significant peak, Nanga Parbat, serves as the western anchor of the entire mountain range in the conventional conception of the Himalayas as bordered by the Indus and Yarlung Tsangpo/Brahmaputra rivers. 

    Nanga Parvat

    The Rupal Face, which rises 4,600 m (15,090 ft) above its base, is located on Nanga Parbat, which is frequently touted to have the highest mountain face in the world. To the north, the complicated Rakhiot Flank rises 7,000 m (23,000 ft) from the Indus River valley to the summit in approximately 25 km, one of the ten biggest elevation gains in such a short distance. The crucial col that links Nanga Parbat to higher peaks in the remaining Himalaya-Karakoram range is Zoji La in Kashmir Valley.

    The first ascent to this mountain was made by Austrian Climber Hermann Buhl on 3rd July 1953 on the German–Austrian Nanga Parbat expedition. The expedition was completed by Buhl via the Rakhiot Flank (East Ridge) alone after his companions returned back half way. He is the first person to have climbed eight thousander alone.

    Nanga Parbat Facts

    Mountain

    Nanga Parbat

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Native Name

    Diamer 

    Elevation

    8,126 m (26,660 ft)

    Prominence

    4,608 m

    Mountain Rank

    Ninth

    Location

    Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan

    Easiest Route

    Western Diamer District

    First Ascent

    3 July 1953

    First Ascenders

    Hermann Buhl

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Annapurna I

    Mount Annapurna is an 8,091 meter high mountain in the Himalayas of north-central Nepal. It is the 10th highest mountain in the world. The Hindu goddess of sustenance and nourishment Annapurna, who is thought to live there, inspired the mountain's name. Mount Annapurna is also considered one of the deadliest mountains to climb due to its unpredictable nature and technical difficulties. 

    It was first climbed on 3rd June, 1950 by a French expedition led by Maurice Herzog, who was one of its members. The mountain lies in the Annapurna Himalayan Range in the Himalayas and is one of the most diverse places for trekking activities. The Annapurna region is known for the cultural and natural diversity and boasts numerous trekking routes around. 

    Annapurna I

    There are numerous peaks exceeding 7,000 meters in the Annapurna massif. The Marshyangdi River borders the massif on the north and east, the Pokhara Valley on the south, and the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the west. The massif encloses a tall basin known as the Annapurna Sanctuary at its western edge.

    Also Read: A Complete Guide to Annapurna Base Camp Trek

    Annapurna I Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Annapurna

    Parent Range

    The Himalayas

    Sub Range

    Annapurna Himalayan Range

    Native Name

    Translation: everlasting food

    Elevation

    8,091 m (26,545 ft)

    Prominence

    2,984 m

    Mountain Rank

    Tenth

    Location

    Nepal

    Easiest Route

    Northwest face

    First Ascent

    3 June 1950

    First Ascenders

    Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Gasherbrum I

    Gasherbrum I is the eleventh highest mountain in the world with an elevation of 8080 meters above sea level. This mountain was first discovered during the Great Trigonometric Survey by T.G. Montgomerie. It was then named K5, meaning  5th peak of the Karakoram and later named Gasherbrum. A team of eight Americans led by Nicholas B. Clinch, including Pete Schoening and Andy Kauffman, as well as Richard K. Irvin, Tom Nevison, Tom McCormack, Bob Swift, and Gil Roberts, made the first ascent of Gasherbrum I on July 5, 1958.

    Gasherbrum I

    Despite being an eight thousander, Gasherbrum I is not as popular as other peaks among mountaineers. Additionally, it is one of the peaks with the fewest fatalities, however this is likely due to the fact that only very experienced mountaineers attempt a peak as challenging as Gasherbrum I. Climbing the peak from the western side is the most popular strategy, and all routes here lead to "The Japanese Couloir," which is at the summit of the north-west face. Spur Peak and the lengthy south-east ridge were used in the first ascent (1958), which led to the summit.

    Gasherbrum I Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Gasherbrum I

    Parent Range

    Karakoram 

    Native Name

    K5, Hidden Peak

    Elevation

    8,080 meters (26,510 ft) 

    Prominence

    2,155 m

    Mountain Rank

    Eleventh

    Location

    Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. 

    Easiest Route

    snow/ice climb

    First Ascent

    July 5, 1958

    First Ascenders

    Nicholas Clinch and Team

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Broad Peak

    Broad Peak (8,027 meters) is the twelfth-highest summit in the Karakoram mountain range. It is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan and on a ridge that forms the border between Pakistan and China. The Broad Peak comprises a set of five mountains, namely Broad Peak (8051 m), Rocky Summit (8028 m), Broad Peak Central (8011 m), Broad Peak North (7490 m), and Kharut Kangri (6942 m). 

    Broad Peak

    On June 8 and 9, 1957, members of an Austrian expedition led by Marcus Schmuck - Fritz Wintersteller, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl—made the first climb of Broad Peak. Fritz Wintersteller and Kurt Diemberger reached the forefront on the team's first attempt on May 29. (8,030 m). This was done without the help of base camp support, high altitude porters, or additional oxygen. So, the summit climb is considered remarkable in the Karakoram mountain range. Broad Peak is also an incredible mountain to climb, however, there is no true summit. The mountaineers climb the forepeak and consider it a summit. The nature of the mountain is flat on the top, that’s why the true point of the peak is not identified and there is not enough technical support to validate the true point on each expedition. 

    Broad Peak Facts

    Mountain

    Mt Broad Peak

    Parent Range

    Karakoram 

    Native Name

    Falchan Kangri

    Elevation

    8,051 meters (26,414 ft)

    Prominence

    1,701 m

    Mountain Rank

    Twelveth

    Location

    Pakistan and China

    First Ascent

    June 9, 1957

    Easiest Route

    snow/ice climb

    First Ascenders

    Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Gasherbrum II

    The 13th tallest mountain in the world, Gasherbrum II is a member of the larger Gasherbrum group of five summits, two of which rise above 8000 meters. The Gasherbrum II is situated at an elevation of  8,035 meters (26,362 ft) above sea level and is one of the most difficult mountains to climb. On July 7, 1956, an Austrian expedition led by Fritz Moravec, Josef Larch, and Hans Willenpart made the mountain's first ascent.

    Gahserbrum II

    The mountain was first discovered by Thomas George Montgomerie in 1856 during the Great Trigonometric Survey. The mountain was named K4, as in the fourth mountain in the Karakoram Range. The Balti words rgasha ("beautiful") and brum are the source of the name "Gasherbrum". This mountain is also considered the safest and easiest mountain to climb in the Karakoram range. The route offers simple climbing in a beautiful and spectacular location.

    Gasherbrum II Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Gasherbrum II

    Parent Range

    Karakoram 

    Native Name

    K4

    Elevation

    8,035 m (26,362 ft)

    Prominence

    1,524 m 

    Mountain Rank

    Thirteenth 

    Location

    Baltistan, Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan

    Tashkurgan, Xinjiang, China, China–Pakistan border

    Easiest Route

    Snow/ice climb

    First Ascent

    July 7, 1956

    First Ascenders

    Fritz Moravec, Josef Larch and Hans Willenpart

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Shisha Pangma

    Mount Shishapangma is regarded as the fourteenth-highest mountain in the world, standing at 8,013 meters. At a distance of 5 kilometers from the Nepali border, the Shishapangma is situated in south-central Tibet. Shishapangma has less dramatic vertical relief than most significant Himalayan peaks since it is farther away from Nepal's lower terrain and located on the dry north side of the Himalayan crest. This is only eight thousander that lie completely in Tibet and do not share a border. It is lastly braved mountain due to Chinese restrictions in the 1960s. The summit was climbed in 1964. 

    Shishapangma

    The name Shisha Pangma stands for crest above the grassy plains in Tibetan. Tibetan people consider Mount ShishaPangma as a mountain of Luck and worship it. The mountain is easy to climb. There are no technical difficulties, however administrative and remoteness of the terrain can be a major concern while climbing this peak. 

    ShishaPangma Facts

    Mountain

    Mt. Shisha Pangma

    Parent Range

    Himalayas

    Sub Range

    Jugal/Langtang Himal Ramge

    Native Name

    Gosainthān

    Elevation

    8,027 m (26,335 ft)

    Prominence

    2,897 m

    Mountain Rank

    Fourteenth 

    Location

    Tibet, China

    Easiest Route

    snow/ice climb

    First Ascent

    2 May 1964

    First Ascenders

    Xu Jing, Zhang Junyan, Wang Fuzhou, Wu Zongyue, Chen San, Soinam Dorjê, Cheng Tianliang, Migmar Zhaxi, Dorjê, Yun Deng

    Popular Activities

    Trekking, Mountaineering

    Eight thousanders: Climbings and Fatalities Rate

    Mountains

    Est. Summit Ascents

    Deaths

    Death Percentage

    Everest

    11,346

    310

    2.7%

    K2 (Godwin Austen)

    377

    86

    22.8%

    Kangchenjunga

    300

    45

    15%

    Lhotse

    933

    25

    2.6%

    Makalu

    500

    20

    4%

    Cho Oyu

    3681

    50

    1.3%

    Dhaulagiri I

    540

    73

    13.5%

    Manaslu

    650

    81

    12.5%

    Nanga Parbat

    400

    83

    20.7%

    Annapurna I

    261

    71

    27.2%

    Gasherbrum I

    350

    34

    9.7%

    Broad Peak

    406

    34

    8.4%

    Gasherbrum II

    1000

    23

    2.3%

    Shisha Pangma

    350

    31

    8.9%

    Disclaimer: The data is extracted using various online sources and may not resemble exact figures. The data is presented to provide a general overview of the fatalities and ascents of the eight-thousanders. 

    Major Mountain Ranges in the world

    The major mountain ranges in the world are known for their majestic peaks and breathtaking views. Mountain ranges are large landforms that extend across a continent or an entire oceanic continent. People travel from around the globe to experience these landforms and get a taste of nature’s grandeur.

    Mountain RangeMountain ranges are a geological feature consisting of high mountains with peaks above 3,000 meters (9,842 ft), and low mountains below 3,000 meters. Mountain ranges are usually found in mountainous terrain. They tend to be associated with either the continent or the ocean.

    Geologically, mountain ranges are usually areas of uplifted and eroded rock, while within actual mountain ranges erosion is rare as they are often capped with a hardcover of vegetation, such as forests. Also, as mountain ranges age they tend to recede and create valleys that carve deep into the skin of the land. Mountain ranges may occur in clusters or chains, where the individual mountains are actually one large mountain range.

    Mountain ranges in the modern sense may exist as sub-divisions of a broader mountain system. For example, the Himalayas consist of several distinct mountain ranges and these are generally considered to be part of a single range. There are a vast number of mountain ranges throughout the Earth. They range in size from barely noticeable hill ranges to the highest mountains. Getting the idea of mountain ranges may help you broaden your understanding of how the mountains are what they are. Here is the list of major mountain ranges in the world. 

    List of Major Mountain Ranges

    Mountain Range

    Distance

    The Andes 

    7,000 km

    The Rockies 

    4,830 km

    The Great Dividing Range

    3,500 km

    The Transantarctic Mountains

    3,500 km

    The Ural Mountains

    2,500 km

    The Atlas Mountains

    2,500 km

    The Appalachian Mountains

    2,414 km

    The Himalayas

    2,400 km

    The Altai Mountains

    2,000 km

    The Western Ghats

    1,600 km

    The Alps 

    1,200 km

    Drakensberg 

    1,125 km

    The Aravalli Range

    800 km

    Karakoram Range

    500 Km

    Mountaineering: An Act to Endure

    Mountaineering is a branch of the outdoor recreation category called high-alpine climbing. It involves ascending mountains via steep rock surfaces and snow, ice, or mixed terrain. This kind of climbing requires skill, endurance, and experience in various conditions by mountaineers with specialized training. Mountaineering takes many forms, including rock climbing and ski mountaineering, although the terminology is often used to cover a wide range of ascents and adventures.

    A mountaineer may follow an expedition to attempt an ascent of a peak that is unclimbed or has not been scaled previously. In this way, mountaineering can be exploratory, as well as highly competitive. Mountaineering is often used as a stepping stone to higher destinations, such as climbing extreme peaks including eight-thousanders. Mountaineering has been described as "the noble art of mountain adventure", or simply "the noble art". Some people consider mountaineering an art form, while others call it an extreme sport. 

    Mountain climbing

    A mountaineer may also climb to vantage points that are not particularly challenging but provide impressive views. This is often referred to as "easy" or "short" mountaineering. Many people ascribe the term mountaineering to climbing alone, but the term implies a team effort with at least one mountain guide. 

    Climbing a mountain, sometimes, is linked with a spiritual quest. To pursue an adventure to the Himalayas or the highlands. The epic journey to brave the mountains has no limits. Humans, ever since the evolution of civilization have always demanded and fulfilled the higher form of their limits. The easy achievements become scarce and difficult terrains are what some mountaineers live for. 

    Mountaineering in Nepal

    When you think of mountaineering in Nepal, it's usually images of climbers ascending one of the world's tallest peaks: Mount Everest. In fact, there are countless talented folks descending the mountain today. However, while Everest is without a doubt awesome and one of the most challenging pursuits to undertake on Earth, there is so much more to mountain climbing in this country that it's hard to imagine why someone would stay away for so long!

     If you're looking to embark on a new, exciting adventure in the mountains of Nepal, here are some reasons you may want to consider the many mountains, peaks and valleys of Nepal.

    • It's a great technical challenge. Many of the best mountaineers in Nepal learned their skills on Everest, especially those who climbed it in the early 50s and later. After all, climbing Everest is incredibly difficult for a number of reasons. For one, there are so many deaths on the mountain. However, technical skills are also needed: proper gear and clothing choices must be made and learned; climbing practices that don't involve ladders or ropes at all must be learned (hiking/trekking/climbing without any gear at all); time must be spent getting acclimated to the altitude that can affect your mind and body enough to cause even simple tasks to become where you can love your basic abilities like walking, let alone climb 8,000 meters!

    • The climbing season is long. While Everest may get a lot of attention, there's actually more to Nepal than mountain climbing in the high country. After all, there are tons of mountains around Khumbu and Annapurna that can be climbed during the spring and fall months.

    • Accessibility is the key. Nepal has seen a dramatic rise in mountaineering over the past few decades. This is due, in part, to Nepal's accessibility; it's not some distant and inaccessible country to suit up for. In fact, most people can just take a flight to Kathmandu Airport and then pursue their adventure in the mountains of Nepal. 

    • Every year, thousands of people visit the country, many on multiple-month treks through the Himalayas in search of the mountain lifestyle and authentic experiences with Nepali villagers. 

    • The popularity of mountaineering among foreigners has been growing in Nepal over the past decades as well, thanks in part to a change in attitude from the surrounding nations. Now that mountaineering has become a little more mainstream outside of conventional circles, it has even begun to earn a huge amount of respect. But Nepal is also an incredibly affordable destination. It's an adventurer's playground - it's the place where all your dreams come true.

    • Sherpas as a companion is another major aspect of mountaineering. These highlanders are brave and accompany the mountaineer to the top and back. The Sherpa guides are admired for their high altitude skills and known for the brave adventure they have pursued over the years ever since the evolution of mountaineering in Nepal. 

    Royalties to Climb Mountains in Nepal

    Government Royalties (For Foreigners) Except for Garbage Management

    Mountain

    Spring Season

    Autumn Season

    Winter/Summer

    Everest Normal Route

    USD 11000

    USD 5500

    USD 2750

    Everest Other Route

    USD 10000

    USD 5000

    USD 2500

    Others Mountain more than 8000 m.

    USD 1800

    USD 900

    USD 450

    7501m.-7999m.

    USD 600

    USD 300

    USD 150

    7000m. – 7500m.

    USD 500

    USD 250

    USD 125

    6501m - 6999m.

    USD 400

    USD 200

    USD 100

    Mt. Amadablam (6812M)

    USD 400

    USD 400

    USD 200

    Less than 6500

    USD 250

    USD 125

    USD 70

    Frequently Asked Questions

    • Why don't they remove the bodies from Everest?

      It is incredibly dangerous to remove bodies from the death zone. It is a costly, perilous, and extremely hazardous act for the people who climb to get their bodies down. So, the deceased in the death zone is not brought back to the base camp. 

    • How many people have climbed all eight-thousanders in the world?

      Ed Viesturs, Veikka Gustafsson, and Nirmal Purja and their team were the only climbers to have truly reached the true top of all fourteen eight-thousanders. The record-breaking feat of Nirmal Purja in his ‘Project Impossible’ is highly admired for climbing all eight-thousanders within a 6 months period. 

    • How many 8 thousanders are there?

      There are a total of 14 eight-thousanders. Some of which lies in the Himalayas and some Karakoram Mountain Range. Eight out of fourteen eight-thousanders lie in Nepal making it a country with the highest number of glorious peaks. 

    • Which is the shortest height in eight-thousanders?

      Shisha Pangma, the only eight-thousand-meter mountain that is wholly within Tibet, is the youngest and shortest of all the eight-thousanders. The elevation of Shisha Pangma is 8027 meters. 

    • What are the seven summits?

      The tallest mountains on each of the seven conventional continents are known as The Seven Summits. There are various sequences made by various sources claiming to be seven summits. However, the common ones are Everest, Aconcagua, Denali, Kilimanjaro, Vinson, Elbrus, and Mount Wilhelm. 

    • Which mountain is known as Killer mountain?

      Nanga Parbat is a huge, spectacular peak that rises dramatically above the landscape around it. It is notoriously difficult to climb, and because of the significant number of climbers who have died while attempting it, it has been given the nickname Killer Mountain.

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